photo from The FDR Library
Social Security and Pension Records
Social Security applications can be obtained only after a person has died.
Applications give a substantial amount of information about a person:
EXAMPLES: Here are some sample Social Security applications:
- application (typed)
- application (hand written)
- find where the person worked
- maiden name of mother
- use it to find maiden names of women
Social Security Death IndexThe SSDI is the first place you will want to check for the social security number of your ancestor. You need that number to send for his or her social security applicaton form. You can apply for a social security application (form SS-5) online or by mail. NB:There are new rules governing the release of parents names on an application form; this application form explains them.
The value of the death index is two fold.
- Once you know where the person resided at the time of death, you can more easily get the death record and obituary.
- Another is that with the social security number, you can apply for the actual application.
There is only one SSDI, but several websites offer access. The only difference in content is how current the data is, i.e. how often a web site updates it's informaton, but some sites may have different search engines.
- It can be searched at FamilySearch.com (free) and several subsription sites, including Ancestry.com.
- If you can't find the person you seek, try using the more sophisticated Stephen Morse "one step" search engine. (also free)
To Learn more...
- The Social Security Death Index-- Getting Started (RootsWeb)
- A briefer version: The Rootsweb Guide #10 is a helpful overview.
- Dear Myrt blogs about the SSDI, then later a follow up blog with even more information.
- A Dick Eastman blog on Using the SSDI offers a substantial amount of information and is followed by some interesting comments.
The SSDI does contain errors. Rootsweb posted information about making corrections or annotating records to show the error.
- Many of the errors are caused by a doubling of the first letter, for example, DURANT as DDURANT.
- Sometimes the previous letter is appended, e.g. a DADE entry is listed as CDADE.
- Sometimes a letter is left out. In one case GIBBS is entered G BBS.
- A number key may have been hit instead of a letter. A LINDBLOM entry is listed as 6INDBLOM. I have no idea how the finger strayed from L to 6.
Not everyone is included in the SSDI; it includes those people for whom a death was reported to Social Security as a step to collect death benefits. And not everyone was eligible for Social Security. Only a few people who died before 1962 are included in the index, but those people may well have filled out an application.
Later death records may contain a social security number. If you can't find your ancestor in the SSDI, look for the death record to see if it contains the SS number. You can also make a request without the number, but giving other identifying information. If they can find an application form with that information, they will send it out, although you may have to provide proof or date of death.
The U.S. Rail Road Retirement Board has a web site with information on how to locate and obtain Rail Road Pension Records. For an overview, see George Morgan's article "Railroad Retirement Board Records"
Railroad employees were exempted from mandatory contributions. You may find separate pension records for those individuals, but you may also find them in the SSDI.
A search for "Social Security" at the Repeat Performances website brought up 2 lectures on this topic (as of Sept. 2005)
There are several references to web pages about or searching the SSDI on Cydi's List
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This page last updated April 23, 2013