Basic Guides to New York Research There is nothing more helpful that a handy reference book with information specific to the area you are researching. I've listed below those that I know about.
All of the three books listed below have a small section covering each state that includes maps, historical information, vital records coverage and a bibliography of resources for that state.
Here are some books specific to New York research:
Online... consult the FamilySearch Wiki for New York; note there are links to separate Wiki pages for each county.
Gazeteers, Maps and Atlases:
Sites that cover all or multiple counties of New York -- usually each county is a separate section.
Libraries, Archives and Societies
County and Town Historians, Clerks and Resources
New York has a system of county and town historians that often serves the genealogical and historical researcher very nicely. This article describes how the system works.
In addition to county historians, there are village, town and municipal historians. Some are very active and helpful, some inactive and unhelpful -- and many somewhere in between.
- Find a New York state historian -- right now the site is in transition, but they promise it will be updated within the month (4/25/2011)
- List of websites of County Historians, supplemented by links to other information of note.
- Between the years 1976-1993 the New York Historical Resources center, then affiliated with Cornell University, published a series of guides for each county in New York. Each guide attempted to locate, identify, describe and report all of the manuscripts and archives materials in New York State repositories. This was a very thorough search and accounted for materials in almost 3000 repositories.
- All of these guides were published in paperback, with red covers. To find one in a library near you, use "find in a library" and search the title: Guide to Historical Resources in Younameit County Repositories, naming, of course, the county you want.
- These red cover guides can be purchased from the New York State Archives.
- Book: Remington. New York State Towns, Villages, and Cities: A Guide to Genealogical Sources [Paperback] 2002 (find in a library)
Cemetery * Census * Court & Legal * Immigration and Naturalization * Newspapers * Vital Records
You will want to see what records are available through the Family History Library, bu searching the FHL Catalog. Remember: "view related places" to see what is available at the town or village level, as well as the county level.
Cemeteries: for general information on cemetery records, see guide to cemetery records, this website.
Book: The Graveyard Shift: A Genealogist's Guide to New York City Cemeteries (note this is only NYC and is research aid, not a compilation of transcriptions.)
Census; for general information on using and finding census records, see guide to census records, this website.
The FamilySearch Wiki for New York Census records has a very helpful chart of New York census records, with availability online noted and links included.
- New York Genealogy: Census also contains links to online census records, including those available at subscription databases.
- Find other online census records and more census information at these sites. They will almost certainly duplicate each other, but you might find a cemetery in one that is not listed in another.
- In addition to federal census records, there are state census schedules for New York .
Court & Legal
Immigration and Naturalization
Land & Property: For general information, see guide to land records, this website.
New York land records provide some special challenges. In addition to the original transfers of land from the colonial or state governemnts, land was given or as payment for military service, both as set of from the military tract of lands set aside for that purpose and by confiscating the land of loyalists and selling it to patriots. Much land was sold in very large amounts to individuals or land companies, who then sold or leased the land; those records being a part of the papers of that enterprise. And finally, land is sold as we know it, by deed, individual to individual. New York Land Records -- an overview New York is one of a few states that uses both metes and bounds and townships to identify pieces of land.
Probate Records: For general information, see guide to probate records, this website.
- FamilySearch Wiki: New York Vital Records
- To get information about vital records, check the New York Vital Records (official page) or the Vitalrec New York Page (remember, you can check county pages on this site too).
- New York Vital Records 1847-1849 -- a short lived law gives us some earlier vital records for New York. Many of these have been transcribed online.
- Some cities kept vital records prior to the state mandated collection (1880). If you have ancesetors in New York City, Albany, Buffalo, Syracuse, Rochester, Utica or Yonkers, check the Family History Library catalog for vital records of those cities.
Work with others Leave a query on a New York county message board or see if one of the volunteers at Random Acts of Genealogical Kindness: New York can help you.
Now look for more helpful New York links: